Organic / Bio backyard - Captions

Glyphosate – The herbicide most used all around the world is carcinogenic
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Organic / Bio backyard Margarida Silva & Jorge Ferreira
The World Health Organization, through its specialized structure IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer based in France, declared glyphosate (along with other organophosphate pesticides) as "probably carcinogenic for humans."

This rating means that there is sufficient scientific evidence to prove that glyphosate causes cancer in laboratory animals and that there are also direct evidence for the same effect in humans, although more limited.

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In this fortnight: Organic & Eco
Previous fortnight: Infection & Inflamation
Pesticide residues in children
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Organic / Bio backyard Jorge Ferreira
Pesticide residues accumulate in the human body and can be analyzed in the hair. 
A recent study in France did the analysis in the hair of 30 students with ages between 3 and 10 years, who lived in agricultural areas. 

The results are disturbing, because on average, for each child, 21 different pesticides were detected.

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Fortnight started in 20 May 2013: Motherhood & Fatherhood
The seed value
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Organic / Bio backyard Jorge Ferreira

Because of the new European seed law, whose vote in the European Commission is expected in May, we recall here the importance of protecting the seeds that are the source of life and food.

The traditional seeds can be, unlike hybrid and genetically modified (transgenic) seeds, selected and stored by the farmers, giving rise to a wide variety of foods.

With the new European regulation, the European Commission intends to restrict the use of these seeds, forcing the entry in the official catalog, a time consuming and expensive process which is out of reach of most farmers and their associations.

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Fortnight started in 6 May 2013: Drinks & Company
The olive organic farming - high quality food
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Organic / Bio backyard Jorge Ferreira

Organic olive oil is a virgin olive oil made from olives that were not treated in the olive grove with chemical fertilizers and pesticides synthesis, and is produced at the mill with special care not to lose their organoleptic (taste and flavor) and nutritional qualities (fatty unsaturated fatty acids and antioxidants).
It is an oil that does not contain residues of agricultural pesticides and should not contain phthalates resulting from the plastic materials used in some mills and packaging.

In Portugal some high quality organic oils are already produced, which have reached the top of the world.


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Fortnight started in 22 April 2013: Inflammation & Anti-inflammation
Use of herbicides in urban gardens and public spaces
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Organic / Bio backyard Jorge Ferreira

This time of year when the herbs grow favored by the abundance of water, there is a chemical combat of man against nature and that is not justified.

Herbs can often stay longer where they are, with several advantages. On the other hand there are negative consequences to the environment and human health. The main herbicide that is applied has glyphosate as the active substance and, unlike advertised, this pesticide contaminates soil and water and has chronic toxicity for humans, even at low doses on the order of parts per billion.


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Fortnight started in 25 March 2013: Intoxicate & Detoxify
Pesticides - when will their full withdrawal from agriculture, food and from the water we drink happen?
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Organic / Bio backyard Jorge Ferreira

Still dominant in conventional agriculture, many pesticides are used (insecticides, fungicides and herbicides), and many are endocrine and / or carcinogenic disruptors.

In the reassessment of pesticide toxicology conducted by the European Commission has been given priority to the active substances of greater acute toxicity, partly withdrawn from use in European agriculture. However, many greater chronic toxicity pesticides are still in agriculture and foods. Some are also applied in urban areas such as glyphosate (various trade names), contaminating soil, water and living organisms.

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Fortnight started in 25 February 2013: Gluten & Gluten free
Seasonal varieties for a sustainable production
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Organic / Bio backyard Jorge Ferreira

The current food production is inefficient and has great losses:
- 30% of UK horticultural crops are not harvested;
- About half of all food purchased in Europe and the United States is discarded;
- About 500 billion m3 of water are wasted every year in cultures that never reach the consumer;
- It takes 20 to 50 times more water to produce 1kg of meat than 1kg vegetable;
The most sustainable and secure option is to cultivate varieties adapted to the growing season, and preferably in the open air.

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Fortnight started in 11 February 2013: Love & Passion
A small vegetable garden and a great patrimony (genetic)
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Organic / Bio backyard Jorge Ferreira

The large vegetable gardens that supply the markets, work increasingly with hybrid varieties, which contribute to the loss of traditional varieties. These are the priority varieties for small vegetable gardens of self-consumption and local sale. There are still many regional varieties, the tomato being one of the species in which the genetic diversity is bigger. Thus, we have better food and help the conservation of a valuable inheritance...

This is a type of work that is urgent to do, since most of varieties are grown by older farmers that are leaving us without anybody to whom we can pass on this treasure, which are the seeds.

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Fortnight started in 28 January 2013: Me & My home
The eco-intensification in the biological vegetable garden of the house
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Organic / Bio backyard Jorge Ferreira

A lively and fertile soil allows a good agro production in quantity and quality.
The main improvement of soil fertility that enable the intensification of the production without jeopardizing the balance of the ecosystem, are partly copied from nature, but also the result of much human experience.

Among these, we highlight the use of leguminous plants, in symbiosis with Rhizobium bacteria, do the nitrogen biological fixation. We can use these plants as green manure and / or as a source of food protein to animals and man.

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Fortnight started in 14 January 2013: Start & Restart
The organic farming – a response to crisis
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Organic / Bio backyard Jorge Ferreira

For the last decades, the dominant agricultural and food system has had negative impacts on the environment and farmers' income. In addition to the impacts on production, the distribution has also worsened the problem, with greater traveled distances and higher expenses. So each day the difference between the price paid to the producer and the selling price to the public is bigger.
Organic farming addresses these problems and, thanks to eco-intensification, it has the potential to feed the entire population of the planet, as concluded in the FAO Conference about Organic Farming and Food Security held in Rome in 2007.

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Fortnight started in 19 November 2012: Sleep & Sleeping
Which plant would I like to live in my garden?
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Organic / Bio backyard
One of the secrets to get your organic backyard to give you an abundant and tasty reward lies in the correct selection of the species you choose to plant. Learn the 6 main features you need to keep in mind when choosing plants for your yard, garden o

When deciding which species will grow , put yourself in the place of the plant and make sure they will be able to offer the best conditions for it to develop and fully healthy in your in your garden .
Know well the needs of light, temperature , moisture , drainage and soil pH , it has to offer to their plants .
And even now , are all plants like to be chosen from each other ?

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Fortnight started in 5 November 2012: Cooking & Eating
Growing your own herbs
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Organic / Bio backyard
You can be very successful growing your own herbs.

Choose a location with abundant light and protected from strong winds. The sunlight through glass can be aggressive!
Drizzle in the morning, not watering the leaves. The soil should be well drained.
Please correct the acidity of the soil according to the needs of each plant.
And good success!

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